Austin retired from the Army in 2016 … Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton could return for a fourth act in Washington, D.C., and this time as defense secretary or with another top job. Under the law, a retired service member must be out of the military for seven years in order to be named defense secretary. Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security; Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment; Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. [11], Subject only to the orders of the president, the secretary of defense is in the chain of command and exercises command and control, for both operational and administrative purposes, over all Department of Defense military service branches – the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force – as well as the U.S. Coast Guard when its command and control is transferred to the Department of Defense. [2], Prior to the department’s formation in 1935, President Emilio Aguinaldo established a similar department, the Department of War and Public Works. Recommendations for the Medal of Honor (MOH), formally endorsed in writing by the secretary of the military department concerned and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, are processed through the under secretary of defense for personnel and readiness, and such recommendations be must approved by the secretary of defense before it can be handed over to the president, who is the final approval authority for the MOH, although it is awarded in the name of Congress. In particular, it elevated the status of joint service for commissioned officers, making it in practice a requirement before appointments to general officer and flag officer grades could be made. He served as deputy assistant secretary of defense for the Middle East from 2009 to 2011 and was a recipient of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service. In addition, there is the Joint Meritorious Unit Award (JMUA), which is the only ribbon (as in non-medal) and unit award issued to joint DoD activities, also issued in the name of the secretary of defense. Secretary of Defense is a Level I position of the Executive Schedule,[4] and thus earns a salary of $210,700 per year as of January 2018. The Act also separated the Army Air Forces from the Army to become its own branch of service, the United States Air Force. A prominent House Democrat who sits on the Armed Services Committee is raising concerns about President-elect Joe Biden’s expected pick for defense secretary. The secretary of defense's position of command and authority over the U.S. military is second only to that of the president.This position corresponds to what is generally known as a defense minister in many other … FILE - In this Sept. 14, 2016 file photo, Secretary of Defense Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda arrives for a review of the troops that will participate in the Independence Day parade, in Mexico City. Coupled with Putin’s hack job on almost every corner of our government and Trumpf’s deafening silence, this is 25th amendment time AGAIN. Combining his two non-sequential services as the secretary of defense, the second-longest serving is Donald Rumsfeld, who served just ten days fewer than McNamara. .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Democratic Retired Army General Lloyd Austin would be the first Black man to serve as secretary of defense if confirmed this week, and that is expected to happen on Thursday. An Army, Navy, and Marine Corps were established in 1775, in concurrence with the American Revolution. All of these high-ranking positions, civil and military, require Senate confirmation. Ashton B. Carter, Secretary of Defense . [20], The secretary of the treasury, the secretary of state, the attorney general, and the secretary of defense are generally regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the size and importance of their respective departments. [22] The current acting secretary of defense is David Norquist, who assumed acting status following the inauguration of Joe Biden.[23]. [8] The secretary of defense is appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate, and is by custom a member of the Cabinet and by law a member of the National Security Council. The last major revision of the statutory framework concerning the position was done in the Goldwater–Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. Recently, The Washington Post, citing anonymous sources, has stated the former first lady's name was being discussed. § 823: article 23, UCMJ), and Summary Courts-Martial (10 U.S.C. The secretary of defense (SecDef) is the leader and chief executive officer of the United States Department of Defense, the executive department of the Armed Forces of the U.S. He previously served as the first Black chief of U.S. Central Command from 2013 to 2016. [1], The current secretary is Delfin Lorenzana, who assumed office on June 30, 2016. Some of those high-ranking officials, civil and military (outside of OSD and the Joint Staff) are: the secretary of the Army, secretary of the Navy, and secretary of the Air Force, Army chief of staff, commandant of the Marine Corps, chief of naval operations, Air Force chief of staff, chief of space operations, and chief of the National Guard Bureau and the combatant commanders of the Combatant Commands. Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 00:20. 1st Class Clydell Kinchen § 822: article 22, UCMJ), Special Courts-Martial (10 U.S.C. President-elect Joe Biden has tapped retired Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III for the powerful role of defense secretary, news outlets revealed December 7. Before retiring as a four-star general in 2016, Lloyd Austin served for 41 years in the military. Secretary of Defense William Perry authorized the first award in 1996 and presented it to Schneider National, McDonnell Douglas, United Parcel Service Central Florida District, Tektronix, Inc. and National Life of Vermont. Home • Job Descriptions • Administrative Job Descriptions; The U.S. secretary of defense oversees the country's Department of Defense, the federal service responsible for the country's armed services and related military matters. Retired officers are required to be out of uniform for seven years before becoming Defense secretary, and Austin retired in 2016. The secretary of defense is a statutory member of the National Security Council. Congress intended civilian control of … He retired from the Marines in 2013, and federal law stipulates that the Pentagon chief be out of uniform for seven years. [9], The secretary of defense is a statutory office, and the general provision in 10 U.S.C. [30] As one of the principals, the secretary along with the vice president, secretary of state and the assistant to the president for national security affairs participates in biweekly Principals Committee (PC) meetings, preparing and coordinating issues before they are brought before full NSC sessions chaired by the president. Former Obama Secretary of Defense Ash Carter called Austin, at his 2016 retirement, a “soldier’s soldier,” while Obama said he “relied on his wise judgment and steadfast leadership.” The longest-serving secretary of defense is Robert McNamara, who served for a total of 7 years, 39 days. While Michèle Flournoy is a strong contender, people close to the president-elect say he's not entirely sold. In the years since, a total of 280 employers have received this prestigious award. List of secretaries of national defense. 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998. The current secretary is Delfin Lorenzana, who assumed office on June 30, 2016.. The DDSM is analogous to the distinguished services medals issued by the military departments (i.e. Three individuals served as heads of the department. Purpose: In accordance with the authority in DoD Directive 5240.01 and Executive Order (E.O.) The secretary's principally civilian staff element is called the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) and is composed of the deputy secretary of defense (DEPSECDEF) and five under secretaries of defense in the fields of acquisition, technology & logistics, comptroller/chief financial officer, intelligence, personnel & readiness, and policy; several assistant secretaries of defense; other directors and the staffs under them. [24] Since the creation of the position in 1947, such a waiver has only been approved three times, for Army General George Marshall in 1950, Marine Corps General Jim Mattis in 2017, and retired Army General Lloyd J. Austin III in 2021.[25][26].