[6][7] He is remembered in Sikhism for adopting and formalizing the Gurmukhi alphabet. Guru Angad Dev Ji introduced a new alphabet known as Gurmukhi script, modifying the old Punjabi script characters. April 20, 2017 4.9 671. Guru Angad (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ, prounciation: [gʊɾuː əŋgəd̯ᵊ]) was the second of the ten Sikh gurus of Sikhism. Guru Angad later left Kartarpur for the village of Khadur Sahib (near Goindwal Sahib). He began his spiritual journey as a devoted and sincere disciple of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder Prophet of Sikhism and the first Sikh Guru. Human translations with examples: punjabi, ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜਨ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ, ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ. 7)When Guru Nanak was 16 ye… [9], Guru Angad is credited in the Sikh tradition with the Gurmukhi script, which is now the standard writing script for Punjabi language in India,[21] in contrast to Punjabi language in Pakistan where now an Arabic script called Nastaliq is the standard. [9][11], Several stories in the Sikh tradition describe reasons why Bhai Lehna was chosen by Guru Nanak over his own sons as his choice of successor. Not one to shirk his responsibilities, he was after all the guide and leader of the group, he couldn't abandon them with thieves along the way. 6)He had a five-year elder sister named ‘Bebe Nanki’ in the family of four. At age 16, Angad married a Khatri girl named Mata Khivi in January 1520. One night, Bhai Lehna heard the recitation of a hymn of Guru Nanak Dev Ji from Bhai Jodha a neighbour who was a follower of the Guru. After this the family settled at Khadur Sahib, a village by the River Beas near what is now Tarn Taran. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world, Devotion and service to Guru Nanak Dev Ji. [6][7], Guru Angad Dev Ji was born in a village, with birth name of Lehna, Hindu parents living in the village of Harike (now Sarae Naga, near Muktsar) in the Punjab region. Guru Arjan Dev Ji - Sikh History. Watch Queue Queue [25] Guru Angad would also supervise the writing down of Nanak's hymns by Bhai Paira Mokha and scrutinize the resulting compilation, preparing the way for a Sikh scripture, as well as the beginning of a vernacular Punjabi literature, as tradition holds that he may have also commissioned an account of Guru Nanak's life from earlier disciples. He founded many such Mall Akharas in many villages including a few in Khandur. Article Shared By. As soon as he found the Guru, he threw himself at Nanak's feet. His father was a small successful trader named Pheru. Guru Nanak Dev Ji (the First Nanak, the founder of Sikhism) was born in 1524 (the English year 1896) on Kartik Purnima, in the place known as Rai-Bhoye-di Talwandi, presently Sheikhupura (Pakistan) Nankana Sahib. ESSAY ON GURU ANGAD DEV JI. His mind was captured by the tune and while on his annual pilgrimage to Jwalamukhi Temple he asked his group if they would mind going to see the Guru. [30][31] He placed emphasis on keeping the body healthy and excersising daily. Guru Angad invented the present form of the Gurmukhi script. English Essay on "Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji" English Essay-Paragraph-Speech for Class 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Students. Watch Queue Queue. He carried forward the principles of Guru Nanak Dev Ji both in letter and spirit. [21], Guru Angad standardized and made improvements to the scripts of the region to create the Gurmukhi script. Born in Hindu family and after meeting Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, becoming a Sikh, and serving and working with Guru Nanak for many years, Guru Nanak gave Lehna the name Angad ("my own limb"),[2] and chose Angad as the second Sikh Guru. Guru Nanak Dev Ji had touched him and renamed him Angad (part of the body) or the second Nanak on September 7, 1539. Guru Angad Dev Ji, following the example set by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, nominated Sri Amar Das Ji as his successor (The Third Nanak) before his death. His mother was Matta Tripat. [8][3] He was the son of a small but successful trader named Pheru Mal. Guru Nanak Dev spent his life in search of truth. He spread love through Sikhism. For the youth he started the tradition of Mall Akhara, where physical as well as spiritual exercises were held. [4] Instead of his own son, he chose his disciple Amar Das as his successor and the third Guru of Sikhism. The name of the boy was Nanak, known to the world as Guru Nanak Dev. His deep devotion and service (Sewa) to Guru Nanak Dev Ji was so intense that the Guru's family grew jealous. Guru Nanak's sons would not pick it up because it was too dirty or menial a task. 1)Guru Nanak Jayanti is a major festival celebrated by the Sikhs in India and abroad. He was therefore sent by his new master back to his home to tend to his family and watch over the Guru's Sikhs in and around Khadur. Soon, this script became very popular and started to be used by the people in general. He was the son of a small but successful trader named Pheru Mal. This step had a far-reaching purpose and impact. Guru Angad Dev Ji travelled widely and visited all the important religious centres established by Guru Nanak Dev Ji for the preaching of Sikhism. [8][28] He also set the rules and training method for volunteers (sevadars) who operated the kitchen, placing emphasis on treating it as a place of rest and refuge, being always polite and hospitable to all visitors. His father, Kalayan Das Mehta or Kalu Mehta, belonged to a sub caste of the Kshatriyas and worked as a tax collector. [31] [7][19][20] Guru Angad died on 29 March 1552. He took great interest in the education of children by opening many schools for their instruction and thus increased the number of literate people. [12] Guru Nanak touched him and renamed him Angad (from Ang, or part of the body) and named him as his successor and the second Nanak on 7 September 1539. He married Mata Khivi in January 1520 and had two sons (Dasu and Datu) and two daughters (Amro and Anokhi). He presented all the holy scripts, including those he received from Guru Nanak Dev Ji, to Guru Amar Das Ji. After the death of Guru Nanak Dev Ji on September 22, 1539, Guru Angad Dev Ji left Kartarpur for the village of Khadur Sahib (near Goindwal Sahib). [15], Before his death, Guru Angad, following the example set by Guru Nanak, nominated Guru Amar Das as his successor (The Third Nanak). [8][4] He began the process of collecting the hymns of Guru Nanak, contributed 62 or 63 hymns of his own. ਜਨਮ, ਪਰਿਵਾਰ, ਸਿਖਿਆ, ਚਮਤਕਾਰ ਭਰੀਆਂ ਘਟਨਾਵਾਂ, ਸੱਚਾ ਸੋਦਾ, ਉਪਦੇਸ਼ , ਸਾਰ-ਅੰਸ਼ । It is known as Nankana Sahib. [6] On his return, he heard Bibi Amro, the daughter of the Guru Angad who had married his brother's son, singing a hymn by Guru Nanak. [33], List of places named after Guru Angad Dev, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru_Angad&oldid=1001651848, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Birth-date transclusions with invalid parameters, Death-date and age transclusions with invalid parameters, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He said that God is the only truth in the world. Guru Angad Dev was the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. He spread the idea of equality, love, truth and goodness. Baba Narayan Das Ji Trehan was his grandfather, whose ancestral house was at Matte-di-Sarai near Mukatsar. He collected the facts about Guru Nanak Dev Ji's life from Bhai Bala and wrote the first biography of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. After later returning to Kartarpur, he was given a series of tests of his obedience and service (one where he had to eat what appeared to the Guru's sons to be carrion, which only Lehna was willing to eat, which magically turned into the sweetest of foods) he was instated as the 2nd Guru, Guru Angad Dev Ji. ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ ਤੇ ਲੇਖ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਵਿੱਚ, Guru Nanak Dev Ji par Punjabi Nibandh. In all Gurudwaras, food is … He was very thoughtful and quite different from other boys of his age. Guru Angad Dev Ji (1504 - 1552) Guru Amardas Ji (1479 - 1574) Guru Ramdas Ji (1534 - 1581) Guru Arjan Dev Ji (1563 - 1606) Guru Hargobind Ji (1595 - 1644) Guru Har Rai Ji (1630 - 1661) Guru Harkrishan Ji (1656 - 1664) Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji (1621 - 1675) Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666 - 1708) 2.Name the present Guru of the Sikhs. 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