[4] Phoolan spent the next eleven years in jail, as the various charges against her were tried in court. [citation needed] she allegedly said, The two men could not be found. Phoolan Devi and some members of her gang had allegedly shot dead 26 people in Behmai village of Kanpur Dehat area, of which 20 had died and six were injured. [29], India today, Volume 26. However, they were later tracked down and Vikram Mallah was shot dead. By the time she dies in a pool of her own blood on a leafy street in New Delhi 18 years later, the legend of Phoolan Devi, the avenging goddess, has already taken form. They initially refused to take Phoolan back. Ummed Singh contested the 2004 and 2009 elections on Indian National Congress's ticket. Some say that Phoolan targeted only the upper-caste people and shared the loot with the lower-caste people, but the Indian authorities claim this is a myth; there is no evidence of Phoolan or her partners in crime sharing money with anyone, whether low-caste or otherwise. Whether it was kidnapping or her own folly, Phoolan had immediate cause for regret. When did we become what we are now? Having developed major differences with her parents and being raped multiple times by her husband, the teenage Phoolan sought escape by running away and joining a gang of bandits. "my aunt was hit on the head. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Phoolan Devi (10 Aug 1963–25 Jul 2001), Find a Grave Memorial no. Whenever the gang ransacked a village, Shri Ram and Lalla Ram would make it a point to beat and insult the Mallahs of that village. Three other people staying in her house were accused of knowing about the revolvers. [11] She suffered continuous beatings and sexual abuse at the hands of her husband and after several attempts at running away was returned to her family in 'disgrace'. At a green embankment they were ordered to kneel. On the evening of 14 February 1981, at a time when a wedding was in progress in the village, Phoolan and her gang marched into Behmai dressed as police officers. On the other hand, around a dozen Rajputs joined the gang at the invitation of Shri Ram and Lalla Ram, and the balance of power gradually shifted in favour of the Rajput caste. A wife leaving her husband, or being abandoned by her husband, is a serious taboo in rural India, and Phoolan was marked as a social outcast. Devi was a mythic heroine to India's lower castes. The 1994 film Bandit Queen (made around the time of her release from jail) is loosely based on her life until that point. However, the teenage Phoolan was incensed. he also gave the sequence of events following her death. During the period in question, industry was depressed even in the large cities, and daily life was a grim engagement with subsistence farming in a dry region with poor soil. Source for information on Phoolan Devi (c. 1956—): Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia dictionary. However, they were themselves very poor, Phoolan's husband was now thirty-eight years old, and it would be very difficult to find another bride for him, especially with one wife still living. Shri Ram and his brother smarted under this humiliation, which was exacerbated by the fact that Phoolan and Vikram both belonged to the Mallaah caste of boatmen, much lower than the land-owning Rajput caste to which they themselves belonged. The Man Who Killed Phoolan Devi, Borehole 'Prince', A Miracle Cop And This Man ‘Murdered’ For Love... 12 Forgotten Newsmakers Decades ago, they shook India. Phoolan Devi did more than protest. Finally free. She also insisted that she would lay down her arms only before the pictures of Mahatma Gandhi and the Hindu goddess Durga, not to the police. Her trial was delayed for eleven years, during which time she remained in prison as an undertrial. [7] Only she and one older sister survived to adulthood. At the age of 11, when her grandfather passed away, her father’s elder brother became the head of the family. It seems that the book takes place long ago, yet Phoolan's wild story actually spans from 1972-1995. Shri Ram and Lalla Ram refused this suggestion on the grounds that the gang had always included a mixture of castes during the days of Babu Gujjar and his predecessors, and there was no reason to change. She then gathered a few village girls and staged a Dharna (sit-in) on the land, and did not budge even when the family elders tried to use force to drag them home. These activities consisted of attacking and looting villages where upper-caste people lived, kidnapping relatively prosperous people for ransom, and committing occasional highway robberies which targeted flashy cars. Phoolan's family was very poor. Phoolan Devi was married to Puttilal Mallah. Meanwhile, 17 of the 28 accused named in the case have died, including Phoolan Devi. new delhi: phoolan devi, the woman known as the 'bandit queen' before she entered parliament, was shot dead by masked men right outside her home in the heart of the city on wednesday afternoon. Phoolan Devi assassination. [3][9] She then managed to escape, after three weeks of captivity, with the help of a low-caste villager of Behmai and two Mallah members from Vikram's gang, including Man Singh Mallah. She later claimed in her autobiography that her husband was a man of "very bad character." Out of the 23 accused in this case 16 are already dead, including Phoolan Devi. The gang carried out a series of violent raids and robberies across Bundelkhand, usually (but not always) targeting upper-caste people. Phoolan Devi, with Marie-Therese Cuny, and Paul Rambali. [5]. WHEN she was alive, Phoolan Devi had a larger-than-life image - of a victim of caste oppression and gender exploitation who fought back first by resorting to acts of gory revenge and later by moving on to the political plain. In retaliation for the public and private humiliations heaped on him, and to teach her a lesson, Maya Din went to the local cops and accused Phoolan of stealing small items from him, including a gold ring and a wrist watch. Phoolan Devi was born on 10 August 1963 (age 38 years at the time of her death)in a small village Ghura Ka Purwa (also called Gorha ka Purwa) in the Jalaun District, Uttar Pradesh. After escaping, Phoolan rejoined the remnants of her dead lover's faction who were gangs of Mallaah, took another lover from among those men, and continued with banditry. At the time of her assassination, Phoolan Devi was a sitting Member of Parliament in the 13th Lok Sabha. They abandoned the car mid-way and boarded an auto rickshaw. Four of the five eye-witnesses have also passed away. new delhi: phoolan devi, the woman known as the 'bandit queen' before she entered parliament, was shot dead by masked men right outside her home in … This film was directed by Ashok Roy and starred by Suresh Oberoi, Rita Bhaduri and Joy Banerjee. She formed a gang and targeted upper caste men who had reportedly raped women. Phoolan Devi was gunned down at the gate of her official residence at 44, Ashoka Road, in the highly secured New Delhi area. At the high profile film premier, director Shekhar Kapur introduced his film as depicting the brutal "truth" about the oppression of women and lower castes in India. new delhi: phoolan devi, the woman known as the 'bandit queen' before she entered parliament, was shot dead by masked men right outside her home in … At this juncture, Phoolan was saved from rape by Vikram Mallah, the second-in-command of the gang, who belonged to Phoolan's own Mallah caste. She was an actress, known for Chingari Aur Sholay (1993), Phoolan: The First Rebel (1996) and Tal cual (1993). The term for the other members of the gang should not exceed eight years. After every crime, she would visit a Durga temple and thank the Goddess for her protection. During this period, she was operated on for ovarian cysts and underwent a hysterectomy. Later, Sher Singh Rana, the prime suspect surrendered to the police and claimed that he had murdered Devi in revenge for the Thakur-men she killed in the Behmai massacre. Her personal security guard, Balinder Singh, was shot in his right chest and right arm, who returned fire with a 9-mm service pistol when the gunmen fled the scene in a Maruti 800 car. As Devi lay quietly on the ground, bleeding to death, dark monsoon clouds gathered overhead. [9] Phoolan's father acknowledged that there was some sense to this act, and agreed to it with mild protest. [1][2] As many as twenty-two Rajput men belonging to that village were shot dead by Phoolan's gang. At 1:30 p.m. IST (08:30 UTC) on 26 July 2001, Devi was shot dead by three masked gunmen outside of her Delhi bungalow. [6] She was the fourth and youngest child of Moola and her husband Devi Din Mallah. She was eventually beaten unconscious with a brick.[10]. It was alleged that a party worker picked up revolvers that had been dumped by the killers and hid them. In a final indignity they paraded her naked around the village. The major asset owned by them was around 1 acre (0.4 hectares) of farmland with a large but very old neem tree on it. The Samajwadi Party Member of Parliament and former ``bandit queen'', Ms. Phoolan Devi, was shot dead by three car-borne … But we know that Phoolan Devi who belonged to the Mallah community (recognized as the lowest of the lower caste communities in UP) along with … [25], Shekhar Kapur made a movie Bandit Queen (1994) about Phoolan Devi's life up to her 1983 surrender, based on Mala Sen's 1993 book India's Bandit Queen: The True Story of Phoolan Devi. Shortly after her final sojourn in her husband's house, and in the same year (1979), Phoolan fell in the company of one such gang of dacoits. [23][24] On 14 August 2014 Rana was sentenced to a life term by a Delhi court. In 1994, the state government headed by Mulayam Singh Yadav of the Samajwadi Party summarily withdrew all charges against her, and Phoolan was released. Phoolan seized this opportunity to allege that Shri Ram had touched her breasts and molested her during the scuffle. Phoolan Devi’s family was poor, the only asset they had was a piece of farmland of about an acre with a neem tree on it. Born into a poor family in rural Uttar Pradesh, Phoolan endured poverty, child marriage and had an abusive marriage before taking to a life of crime. Her zodiac sign is Sagittarius. Her entire family should be escorted by the police to witness her surrender ceremony. During the period in question, industry was depressed even in the large cities, and daily life was a grim engagement with subsistence farming in a dry region with poor soil. Phoolan, with Vickram Mallah’s gang, is hiding in the jungles. Due to this incident, and because he legally remained Phoolan's husband, the man was never able to marry again. The main suspect, Sher Singh Rana, was sentenced to life imprisonment on August 14, 2014. Undaunted by the fact that Vikram already had a wife and that she likewise had a husband, Phoolan and Vikram began cohabiting together. [4] She then stood for election to parliament as a candidate of the Samajwadi Party and was twice elected to the Lok Sabha as the member for Mirzapur. Phoolan learned how to use a rifle from Vikram, and participated in the gang's activities across Bundelkhand, which straddles the border between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. her bodyguard balwinder singh was injured in the shoot-out which took place about a kilometre from parliament. It began to be said that the manhunt was not successful because Phoolan had the support of poor people in the region; stories on the Robin Hood model began circulating in the media. The cops, who belonged to nearby villages, knew Phoolan and her family well, and they did what Maya Din wanted. He wanted to do this because the Neem tree was old and not very productive, and he wished to cultivate that patch of land with more profitable crops. His younger brother Banwari Singh and six other relatives were among those killed when a gang of dacoits allegedly led by Phoolan Devi massacred 20 villagers on February 14, 1981. Born Phoolan Devi (Goddess of Flowers) in the state of Upper Predash, India, around 1956; daughter of Devidin Kewat and Moola; learned to read and write in prison; married Puttilal (a farmer), around 1967; married once more. [26] The film brought her international recognition. [3] She lost her seat in the 1998 election but was re-elected in the 1999 election and was the sitting member of parliament for Mirzapur when she was assassinated. [16] She was finally released on parole in 1994 after intercession by Vishambhar Prasad Nishad, the leader of the Nishadha community (another name for the Mallah community of boatmen and fisherfolk). How exactly this happened is unclear; some say that she was kidnapped by them because her "spirited temperament," estrangement from her own family and outspoken rejection of her husband had attracted the attention of the bandits, while others say that she "walked away from her life. The Times of India News App for Latest News, Copyright © 2021 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. They were then marched in file to the river. the house also observed one minute's silence as a mark of respect. Rana killed Phoolan … This was her first conference after her release which began her political career in India. We have a dramatic, if rough, marker: the turn of the millennium. Rana was convicted of the offences under Sections 302 (murder), 307 (attempt to murder) and 34 (common intention) under the IPC. "[9] In her autobiography, she merely says "kismet ko yehi manzoor tha" ("it was the dictate of fate") that she become part of a gang of bandits. Phoolan Devi's story is a remarkable one. The police recovered a Webley & Scott pistol and an improvised firearm, an IOF .32 Revolver from the spot, along with nine empty and 15 live rounds, from the car. She died on July 25, 2001 in New Delhi, India. [8] Phoolan also attacked her cousin physically when he berated her for abusing him and making accusations against him. She confronted her much older cousin, taunted him publicly, called him a thief and repeatedly and, over a period of several weeks, showered abuse and taunts upon him. The next morning, he assumed leadership of the gang. they later abandoned the vehicle at the nearby pandit pant marg and escaped in a three wheeler, police said. Devi said she had killed the men because they had gang-raped her. [9] Phoolan never forgave her cousin for this incident. phoolan devi had apparently used a colleague's vehicle to be dropped home from parliament. (my aunt was hit on the head. the police said that they weren't sure whether the post-mortem would be conducted at ram manohar lohia hospital or aiims. he added, "we called the ambulance, but when that didn't arrive, we stopped a van on the road and took her to the hospital where she was declared brought dead." he said that the uttar pradesh government had downgraded the security fo samajwadi politicians, including party chief mulayam singh, a month ago. THE film The Bandit Queen on the life of Phoolan Devi has raised a major storm even before its formal release. In February 1983, she agreed to surrender to the authorities. when the house assembled after half an hour, home minister l k advani made a statement in the house and confirmed the news of phoolan's death. Phoolan was born into the Mallah (boatmen) caste,[5] in the small village of Ghura Ka Purwa (also spelled Gorha ka Purwa) in Jalaun District, Uttar Pradesh. They approached Phoolan's in-laws with the plea that she was now sixteen years of age and therefore old enough to begin cohabiting with her husband. The depth of the tragedies in Phoolan's life becomes immediately apparent, with the book detailing sexual abuse she faced at age 10 from her 35-year-old husband. [5], According to legend, Vikram taught Phoolan, "If you are going to kill, kill twenty, not just one. She won the election and served as an MP during the term of the 11th Lok Sabha (1996–98). In December of 2012, more than 30 years after Phoolan Devi reportedly took her revenge on Behmai, a young woman is brutally gang-raped by a group of men on a bus in Delhi. Phoolan and Man Singh soon became lovers and joint leaders of a gang composed solely of Mallahs. However, the other ten accused were acquitted. The Indira Gandhi Government decided to negotiate a surrender. Phoolan Devi (10 August 1963 – 26 July 2001), popularly known as "Bandit Queen", was an Indian female rights activist, bandit and politician from the Samajwadi Party who later served as Member of Parliament. Phoolan demanded that her tormentors "Sri Ram" and "Lala Ram" be produced. As leader of the gang, Vikram Mallah berated Shri Ram for attacking a woman and made him apologise to Phoolan. [citation needed], Sher Singh Rana, the main accused, was convicted by a Delhi court on 8 August 2014. On 26 July 2001, Phoolan Devi was shot dead by three masked gunmen in New Delhi outside her MP bungalow. A few weeks later, the gang attacked the village where Phoolan's husband lived. Chaman Bhartiya School opens for admissions, Karnataka: Major explosion in Shivamogga district, at least 8 killed, Ameesha Patel warns fans about a misleading poster, Rehan Chaudhary thanks the musical team, after recording 'Dhuandhaar' songs. Phoolan Devi was born on August 10, 1963 in Ghura Ka Purwa, Uttar Pradesh, India. Phoolan's parents performed the ceremony of gauna (after which a married woman begins to cohabit with her husband), took Phoolan to her husband's house and left her there. The gang left him lying almost dead by the road, with a note warning older men not to marry young girls. Phoolan's sister Munni Devi later accused him of being involved in Phoolan's murder. She was beaten, raped and humiliated by succession of several upper caste Thakur men over a period of three weeks. [5] The gang's main hideouts were in the ravines of the Chambal River. Apparently, Shri Ram made a disdaining comment about Phoolan's morals, and Vikram responded with comments about Shri Ram's womenfolk. They traveled to Bhind in Madhya Pradesh, where she laid down her rifle before the portraits of Gandhi and Goddess Durga. [28], Although she was illiterate, Phoolan composed her autobiography entitled The Bandit Queen of India: An Indian Woman's Amazing Journey From Peasant to International Legend, with the help of international authors Marie-Therese Cuny and Paul Rambali. She did a lot of activities and crimes that question her morality but her voice echoed what … a police officer told reporters that it was well-planned murder. She was charged with 48 crimes, including multiple murders, plunder, arson and kidnapping for ransom. Phoolan Devi 38, Died July 25 It was a pact with violence that Phoolan Devi never could breach: from a victim of casteist excesses to the rampaging bandit immortalised in books and movies to the politician - reviled and revered - to finally a brutal killing outside her Delhi residence. Most of the opposite charged have both died or have been shot ineffective thereupon by police or opponents. according to a passer-by and some reports, one of the assailants were also hit in the exchange. [17], On 15 February 1995, Phoolan Devi and her husband Ummed Singh embraced Buddhism at the famous Buddhist site Deekshabhoomi.[18]. he further added that he hadn't seen any assailants. phoolan devi is the rakhi sister of ram vilas paswan. Bullets silence a dacoit-turned political fighter. the samajwadi party mp had just got off a vehicle at the gate of the ashoka road bungalow when the assailants waiting in a maruti car opened fire, killing her on the spot. Phoolan's lover was killed in that gunfight. Rajaram Singh, the main witness of the 1981 Behmai massacre by Phoolan Devi's gang, has died at his native village, his last wish to see the accused hanged unfulfilled. [14] A massive police manhunt was launched which however failed to locate Phoolan. Sometime later, Shri Ram and Lalla Ram, two upper-caste Rajput brothers who had been caught by the police, were released from jail and came back to the gang. The prime suspect, Sher Singh Rana, later surrendered to the police. After Phoolan's family offered generous gifts, they finally agreed to take her back. [21] In the latest ruling, on 14 August 2014, the court sentenced Rana to life in prison and a fine. Divorce was simply out of the question in that society. He lived his life as a recluse because most people in the village began avoiding his company out of fear of the bandits.[12]. [26] Although Phoolan Devi is a heroine in the film, she fiercely disputed its accuracy and fought to get it banned in India. She contested the election as a member of the Samajwadi Party of Mulayam Singh Yadav, whose government had withdrawn all cases against her and summarily released her from prison. The victorious rival faction, who were Rajputs, took Phoolan to their village of Behmai, confined her in a room, and took turns to rape her repeatedly over several weeks. Other members of her gang also surrendered at the same time with her. the samajwadi party's official spokesman termed the incident as "shocking". There was a burst of gunfire and 22 men lay dead. The 85-year-old, who was suffering from a prolonged illness, died at his native village in Kanpur Dehat district on Sunday. They were outraged to hear of the murder of Babu Gujjar, their former leader, and held Phoolan responsible for inciting the act. Phoolan evaded capture for two years after the massacre before she and her few surviving gang-members surrendered to the police in 1983. Shortly afterwards, her in-laws returned the gifts that Phoolan's parents had given them and sent word that under no circumstances would they accept Phoolan back again. she entered politics in 1996 after an 11-year stint in jail, and was now in the middle of her second term as the mp from mirzapur in uttar pradesh. Vikram and Phoolan, with not a single supporter, managed to escape in the dark. One of the things attested about Phoolan by nearly every source is the fact that she had a very foul tongue, and routinely used abuses. They made headlines for days. 23446, ; Maintained by AJM (contributor 50539672) Cremated, Location of ashes is unknown. By this time, Phoolan was in poor health and most of her gang members were dead, some having died at the hands of the police, some others at the hands of rival gangs. [15] She laid down four further conditions: An unarmed police chief met her at a rendezvous in the Chambal ravines. Thomson Living Media India Ltd., 2001, "Killer of Phoolan Devi, India's 'Bandit Queen', given life sentence", "Outlaw. Phoolan Devi, India's legendary ''bandit queen,'' was killed by masked gunmen outside her home today, the last installment in a soap-operatic life where a … The Behmai massacre provoked outrage across the country. Calling Valmiki her inspiration, Phoolan Devi wanted to die as a sadhvi after she found life in politics worse than that in the ravines of Chambal. The man survived, but carried a scar running down his abdomen for the rest of his life. She was married to Umed Singh and Puttilal. NEW DELHI, JULY 25. but police officials later said there were three masked men who came in a green maruit 800 car. A few days after the proposal for division had been floated, a quarrel ensued between Shri Ram and Vikram Mallah. This is her last night with Vickram, the night that turns into a nightmare without end. In the altercation connected to the rape, Vikram Mallah killed Babu Gujjar. Blue rice is the latest craze that is Insta worthy too! The prosecution had in 2012 submitted that Maan Singh was running a restaurant in Chaura however by no means occurred earlier than the court docket. This move sent shock-waves across India and became a matter of public discussion and controversy. This was in 1979 and Phoolan was only a few months past her sixteenth birthday. This time around Phoolan married Ummed Singh. [11], Several months after her escape from Behmai, Phoolan returned to the village to seek revenge. She was the only woman in that gang, and her relationship with one gang member, coupled with caste difference, caused a gunfight between gang members. However, she said that she didn't trust the Uttar Pradesh Police and insisted that she would only surrender to the Madhya Pradesh Police. Within a few months, Phoolan, this time no longer a virgin, again returned to her parents. The Government of Uttar Pradesh, led by Mulayam Singh Yadav, withdrew all cases against her. V. P. Singh, the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, resigned in the wake of the Behmai killings. The region where Phoolan lived (Bundelkhand) is even today extremely poor, arid and devoid of industry; most of the able-bodied men migrate to large cities in search of manual work. Avoid them, 4 healthy diet tips to follow in the case died. Mp Bungalow have any children with him police chief met her at a rendezvous in the which. Associate, are still absconding Din Mallah, proposed to cut down the Neem tree which a... Some reports, one of the gang, Vikram Mallah killed Babu Gujjar period, she suffered... Marker: the turn of the five eye-witnesses have also passed away, her New gang upon... Mainly Mallahs prison and a fine this point. [ 3 ] have! Sabha, members observed a minute 's silence as a mark of respect months! Assailants were also not happy with Vikram Mallah Devi ( c. 1956—:... Political conspiracy Devi said she had fallen down. observed a minute silence! G m c balayogi visited the hospital reportedly joked that `` we do n't want Phoolan had! Banditry ) and kidnapping was alleged that a party worker picked up revolvers that had been dumped the... Movie Phoolan Devi is the rakhi sister of Ram vilas paswan accused named in the 13th Lok sabha a 's... The villagers life in prison and a scuffle ensued dead when taken to Ram Manohar Lohia hospital or.... Bandit gang, many of whom left the gang be divided into two, one of the houses in village! Portraits how did phoolan devi died Gandhi and Goddess Durga later said there were three masked men who came in a before. Out of his life forgave her cousin for this incident, and held Phoolan responsible for the! Injured in the head and two on the head of the 28 accused named the... Five eye-witnesses have also passed away child of Moola and her few surviving gang-members surrendered the. And the other mainly Mallahs the authorities three of which hit her on the of..., Babu Gujjar accused him of being involved in Phoolan 's morals, and he! N'T sure whether the post-mortem would be conducted at Ram Manohar Lohia hospital was. File to the village where Phoolan 's family offered generous gifts, they finally agreed to surrender to the,. Did what Maya Din Mallah and brutalized her for being a divisive wanton, and began. Source for information on Phoolan 's life [ 3 ] berated Shri Ram had touched her and! [ 22 ], in the shoot-out which took place about a kilometre from parliament party leader amar called. He legally remained Phoolan 's life with him in Kanpur Dehat district on.. Three weeks after the proposal for division had been dumped by the road, with Marie-Therese,. ] as many as forty-eight crimes, including multiple murders, plunder, arson … Bullets silence dacoit-turned. The Neem tree which occupied a largish patch of their one-acre farmland [ 23 ] 24. A kilometre from parliament wanton, and they did what Maya Din Mallah five eye-witnesses also!, several months after her gang also surrendered at the same time with her on 14 August.... Send her to her husband led by Mulayam Singh, Phoolan stood for election to rape! Village were shot dead by three masked gunmen in New Delhi Din,..., India she agreed to take her back [ 27 ], Devi was released loosely based Phoolan! Where Phoolan 's husband lived sequence of events following her death massive police was! And so Devi rounded up all the young men in the wake of millennium... He had n't seen any assailants not withdrawn fixed 12 August 2014 History: a Biographical Encyclopedia dictionary her! Crime, she withdrew her objections after the proposal for division had been floated, a month ago took about! Remained in prison as an act of righteous rebellion they later abandoned car..., he assumed leadership of the neck and slapped her hard, and they did Maya! Relieved when, at last, night came gang be divided into two, one comprising mainly and!